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Introduction to Reading Comprehension

The verbal section of the GRE now contains ten passages (as opposed to the three or four on previous tests), with anywhere from one to six questions per passage. The increased number of passages is all part of ETS’s strategy to put greater emphasis on reading comprehension and higher-level thinking. In fact, passage-based questions comprise approximately half of the total questions in the new verbal section.
The majority of passages will be one to two paragraphs in length, with only a couple that are several paragraphs long. As the shorter passages tend to be easier and have fewer questions on them, we will focus most of our exercises on the more intimidating, lengthier passages, which tend to have more corresponding questions. The subject matter of a passage can be almost anything, but the most common themes are physical and biological science, politics, history, culture, and science.
Most people find the passages difficult because the subject matter is dry and unfamiliar.  Obscure subject matter is chosen so that your reading comprehension will be tested, not your knowledge of a particular subject.  Also the more esoteric the subject, the more likely everyone taking the test will be on an even playing field.  However, because the material must still be accessible to laymen, you won’t find any tracts on subtle issues of philosophy or abstract mathematics. In fact, if you read books on current affairs and the Op/Ed page of the newspaper, then the style of writing used in the GRE passages will be familiar and you probably won’t find the reading comprehension particularly difficult.
The passages use a formal, compact style. They are typically taken from articles in academic journals, but they are rarely reprinted verbatim.  Usually the chosen article is heavily edited until it is honed down to about 80 to 400 words. The formal style of the piece is retained, but much of the “fluff” is removed.  The editing process condenses the article to less than one-third its original length.  Thus, a GRE passage contains more than three times as much information for its length as does the original article.  This is why the passages are similar to the writing on the Op/Ed page of a newspaper. After all, a person writing a piece for the Op/Ed page must express all his ideas in about 500 words, and he must use a formal (grammatical) style to convince people that he is well educated.
In addition to being dry and unfamiliar, GRE passages often start in the middle of an explanation, so there is no point of reference.  Furthermore, the passages are untitled, so you have to hit the ground running.

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