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Points to Remember
  1. A pronoun should be plural when it refers to two nouns joined by and.
  2. A pronoun should be singular when it refers to two nouns joined by or or nor.
  3. A pronoun should refer to one and only one noun or compound noun.
  4. A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in both number and person. 
  5. The subject and verb must agree both in number and person. 
  6. Intervening phrases and clauses have no effect on subject-verb agreement. 
  7. When the subject and verb are reversed, they still must agree in both number and person. 
  8. As a general rule, a modifier should be placed as close as possible to what it modifies. 
  9. When a phrase begins a sentence, make sure that it modifies the subject of the sentence. 
  10. For a sentence to be parallel, similar elements must be expressed in similar form. 
  11. When two adjectives modify the same noun, they should have similar forms. 
  12. When a series of clauses is listed, the verbs must be in the same form. 
  13. When the first half of a sentence has a certain structure, the second half should preserve that structure. 
  14. A verb has four principal parts: 
    1. Present Tense
      • Used to express present tense.
      • Used to express general truths.
      • Used with will or shall to express future time.
    2. Past Tense
    • Used to express past tense.
    • Used to form the present perfect tense, which indicates that an action was started in the past and its effects are continuing in the present. It is formed using have or has and the past participle of the verb.
    • Used to form the past perfect tense, which indicates that an action was completed before another past action. It is formed using had and the past participle of the verb.
    • Used to form the future perfect tense, which indicates that an action will be completed before another future action. It is formed using will have or shall have and the past participle of the verb.
    • Used to form the present progressive tense, which indicates that an action is ongoing. It is formed using is, am, or are and the present participle of the verb.
    • Used to form the past progressive tense, which indicates that an action was in progress in the past. It is formed using was or were and the present participle of the verb.
    • Used to form the future progressive tense, which indicates that an action will be in progress in the future. It is formed using will be or shall be and the present participle of the verb.
    1. Past Participle 
    2. Present Participle (-ing form of the verb) 
  15. Unless you want to de-emphasize the doer of an action, you should favor the active voice.




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