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1. Present Tense

 

a. Used to express present tense.

He studies hard.

 

b. Used to express general truths.

During a recession, people are cautious about taking on more debt.

 

c. Used with will or shall to express future time.

He will take the GRE next year.

2. Past Tense

 

a. Used to express past tense.

 

He took the GRE last year.

3. Past Participle

 

a. Used to form the present perfect tense, which indicates that an action was started in the past and its effects are continuing in the present. It is formed using have or has and the past participle of the verb.

 

He has prepared thoroughly for the GRE.

 

b. Used to form the past perfect tense, which indicates that an action was completed before another past action. It is formed using had and the past participle of the verb.

 

He had prepared thoroughly before taking the GRE.

 

c. Used to form the future perfect tense, which indicates that an action will be completed before another future action. It is formed using will have or shall have and the past participle of the verb.

 

He will have prepared thoroughly before taking the GRE.

4. Present Participle (- ing form of the verb)

 

a. Used to form the present progressive tense, which indicates that an action is ongoing. It is formed using is, am, or are and the present participle of the verb.

 

He is preparing thoroughly for the GRE.

 

b. Used to form the past progressive tense, which indicates that an action was in progress in the past. It is formed using was or were and the present participle of the verb.

 

He was preparing for the GRE.

 

c. Used to form the future progressive tense, which indicates that an action will be in progress in the future. It is formed using will be or shall be and the present participle of the verb.

 

He will be preparing thoroughly for the GRE.

Passive Voice

 

The passive voice removes the subject from the sentence. It is formed with the verb to be and the past participle of the main verb.

 

Passive:

The bill was resubmitted by the Senator.

 

Active:

The Senator has resubmitted the bill.

 

Unless you want to de-emphasize the doer of an action, you should favor the active voice.





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