Loading....
Coupon Accepted Successfully!

 

Logical Reasoning

 

This is a new kind of question and is gaining in CAT. Either a large table is given or else some facts in the form of a riddle where some facts are not given. One has to figure out how to attempt such questions.

 

Set III
 

Examples


DIRECTIONS: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
 
The table below provides certain demographics details of 40 respondents who were part of a survey. The demographic characteristics are: Education, number of children and age of respondents. The first number in each cell is the number of respondents in that group. The minimum and maximum age of respondents in each group is given in brackets. For example there are 6 non-educated persons who have 4 children, out of that the minimum is aged 25 and the maximum is aged 57 years.
 

No. of children
Educated
Non-educated
Total
0
8 (25, 41)
2 (32, 42)
10
1
7 (27, 64)
5 (31, 47)
12
2
6 (30, 49)
10 (23, 65)
16
3
3 (22, 52)
11 (21, 46)
14
4
2 (46, 56)
6 (25, 29)
8
Total
25
35
60

                                               
1. At least what percentage of the educated persons are more than 40 years old?       
1. 20%                    
2. 16.67%       
3. 25%                    
4. 43.33%
 
2. At the most what percentage of the total are non-educated persons with more than 30 years of age?
1. 41.66%       
2. 58.33%       
3. 51.66%       
4. 50%
 
3. At the most what percentage of the total persons surveyed were < 25 years of age?
1. 5%                      
2. 25%                    
3. 35%                    
4. 15%
 
4. At least what percentage of the persons surveyed were than 46 years old?
1. 11.66%       
2. 90%                    
3. 15%                    
4. 10%
 

Solution


This question just requires understanding the facts given. Then it is merely counting off the desired elements from the table. These questions make utterly useless the concepts like Vedic Maths and other shortcuts that students like to learn.
 
1. 1 Educated persons above 40 least can be 1 in every age group. Hence 5/25 = 20%.       
 
2. 4 Non educated persons more than 30 years (at most) = 2 + 5 + 9 + 10 = 26. Reqd percentage = 26/60 = 43%
 
3. 3 Less than 25 years (at most) = 9 + 2 + 10 = 21/60 = 35%.
 
4. 4 Less than 46 years = 6/60 = 10%.
 

 

Games and Puzzles

Questions on games and puzzles are becoming common. In this type, information about some game is given and the student has to figure out the order of winners, and so on. The following question set is from CAT 2006.

 

Set IV
 

Examples


The year was 2006. All six teams in Pool A of World Cup hockey play each other exactly once. Each win earns a team three points, a draw earns one point and a loss earns zero points. The two teams with the highest points qualify for the semifinals. In case of a tie, the team with the highest goal difference (Goals For - Goals Against) qualifies.
 
In the opening match, Spain lost to Germany. After the second round (after each team played two matches), the pool table looked as shown below.
 

Teams
Games Played
Won
Drawn
Lost
Goals for
Goals against
Points
Germany
2
2
0
0
3
1
6
Argentina
2
2
0
0
2
0
6
Spain
2
1
0
1
5
2
3
Pakistan
2
1
0
1
2
1
3
New Zealand
2
0
0
2
1
4
0
South Africa
2
0
0
2
1
4
0

 
In the third round, Spain played Pakistan, Argentina played Germany, and New Zealand played South Africa. All the third round matches were drawn. The following are some results from the fourth and fifth round matches
 
(a) Spain won both the fourth and fifth round matches.
(b) Both Argentina and Germany won their fifth round matches by 3 goals to 0.
(c) Pakistan won both the fourth and fifth round matches by 1 goal to 0.
 
1. Which one of the following statements is true about matches played in the first two rounds?
1. Germany beat New Zealand by 1 goal to 0.  
2. Spain beat New Zealand by 4 goals to 0.
3. Spain beat South Africa by 2 goals to 0.        
4. Germany beat South Africa by 2 goals to 1
 
2. Which one of the following statements is true about matches played in the first two rounds?
1. Pakistan beat South Africa by 2 goals to 1            
2. Argentina beat Pakistan by 1 goal to 0.
3. Germany beat Pakistan by 2 goals to 1         
4. Germany beat Spain by 2 goals to 1.
 
3. Which team finished at the top of the pool after five rounds of matches?
1. Argentina              
2. Germany              
3. Spain           
4. Cannot be determined from the data.
 
4. If Pakistan qualified as one of the two teams from Pool A, which was the other team that qualified?
1. Argentina              
2. Germany              
3. Spain           
4. Cannot be determined from the data.
 

Solution


1. 4 Best done by elimination.

(1): If true, then NZ lost the second game by 5-1, which does not match.
 
(2): If Spain beats NZ by 4-0, then in the next game it should lose by 1-2.
 
(3): If Spain beats SA by 2-0, then it should win the next game by 3-2, but it lost the other game.

Only (4) is possible.
 
2. 2 As above, (1): If Pakistan has 2-1, it should draw the next game 0-0, which is not true.

(2) is possible.
        
(3): same as in the first choice.
 
3. 4 We can say nothing about the winner.
 
4. 4 The question is inconsistent.

If Pakistan wins the last two rounds, and we are also told in (a) to (c) that Spain, Argentina, Germany and Pakistan won their fifth round matches. 

This is not possible, since there can be only theree winners.
 

 

Miscellaneous Reasoning

Stand Alone Questions on Reasoning
 
CAT has often used stand alone questions in reasoning. These questions are fairly large and have certain clues on which the student is required to answer the question. They are time consuming questions and sometimes guess work helps. However, if one uses a slow and steady approach, then the questions can be solved. 
 

Stand Alone Questions on Reasoning

CAT has often used stand alone questions in reasoning. These questions are fairly large and have certain clues on which the student is required to answer the question. They are time consuming questions and sometimes guess work helps. However, if one uses a slow and steady approach, then the questions can be solved.

 

Questions

[{"question":"Four friends Ashok, Bashir, Chirag and Deepak are out shopping. Ashok has less money than three times the amount that Bashir has. Chirag has more money than Bashir. Deepak has an amount equal to the difference of amounts with Bashir and Chirag. Ashok has three times the money with Deepak. They each have to buy a least one shirt, or one shawl, or one sweater, or one jacket, that are priced Rs.200, Rs. 400, Rs.600 and Rs.1000 apiece, respectively. Chirag borrows Rs.300 from Ashok and buys a jacket. Bashir buts a sweater after borrowing Rs.100 from Ashok and is left with no money. Ashok buys three shirts. What is the costliest item that Deepak could buy with his own money?&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tA. A Shirt&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tB. A Shawl &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tC. A sweater&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tD. A jacket&nbsp; &nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t&nbsp;","answer":"Ans. B.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tWe know A &lt; 3B, C &gt; B, D = C - B and A = 3 D. B must have 500, since he has to borrow 100 from A. C must have at least 700, but this is not correct as this leaves D with 200 and A with 600. Since A lends 300 to C and 100 to B, A must have at least 1000 since A = 3D, we get A = 1200, D = 400, hence D can buy one shawl.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t&nbsp;"},{"question":"In a family gathering there are two males who are grandfathers and four males who are fathers. In the same gathering there are two females who are grandmothers and four females who are mothers. There is at least one grandson or a granddaughter present in this gathering. There are two husband wife pairs in this group. These can either be a grandfather and a grandmother, or a father and a mother. The single grandfather (whose wife is not present) has two grandsons and a son present. The single grandmother (whose husband is not present) has two grand daughters and a daughter present. A grandfather or a grandmother present with their spouses does not have any grandson or granddaughter present. What is the minimum number of people present in this gathering?<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tA. 10&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tB. 12&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tC. 14&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tD. 16&nbsp; &nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t&nbsp;","answer":"Ans. B.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tThere are 6 males and 6 females. Hence the minimum number of people present can be 6 + 6 = 12.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t&nbsp;"},{"question":"Eight people carrying food baskets are going for a picnic on motorcycles. Their names are A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H. They have four motorcycles M1, M2, M3 and M4 among them. They also have four food baskets O, P, Q and R of different size and shapes and which can be carried only on motorcycles M1, M2, M3 or M4 respectively. No more than two persons can travel on a motorcycle and no more than one basket can be carried on a motorcycle. There are two husband-wife pairs in this group of eight people and each pair will ride on a motorcycle together. C cannot travel with A or B. E cannot travel with B or F. G cannot travel with F, or H, or D. The husband-wife pairs must carry baskets O and P.&nbsp; Q is with A and P is with D. F travels on M1 and E travels on M2 motorcycles. G is with Q, and B cannot go with R. Who is travelling with H?<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tA. A&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tB.&nbsp; B&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tC. C&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tD. D&nbsp; &nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t&nbsp;","answer":"Ans. C.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tWe get the following table which satisfies all the given conditions.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t&nbsp; \t\t\t\t\t\t<table> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t<tbody> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<tr> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<TD>M1<\/TD> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<TD>M2<\/TD> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<TD>M3<\/TD> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<TD>M4<\/TD> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/tr> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<tr> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<TD>O<\/TD> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<TD>P&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<\/TD> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<TD>Q<\/TD> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<TD>R<\/TD> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/tr> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<tr> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<TD>FB<\/TD> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<TD>DE<\/TD> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<TD>AG<\/TD> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<TD>CH<\/TD> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/tr> \t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/tbody> \t\t\t\t\t\t<\/table> \t\t\t\t\t\t"},{"question":"&nbsp;I have a total of Rs.1000. Item A costs Rs.110, item B costs Rs.90, item C costs Rs.70, item D costs Rs.40 and item E costs Rs.45. For every item D that I purchase, I must also buy two of item B. For every item A, I must buy one of item C. For every item E, I must also buy two of item D and one of item B. For every item purchased I earn 1000 points and for every rupee not spent I earn a penalty of 150 points. My objective is to maximise the points I earn. What is the number of items that I must purchase to maximise my points?<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tA. 13 &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tB. 14&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tC. 15&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tD. 16&nbsp; &nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t&nbsp;","answer":"Ans. B.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tWe must maximise the number of items and minimise the balance money. By hit and trial, we must buy 2(E + 2D + B) and 2(D + 2B) = 2 \u00b4 215 + 2 \u00b4 220 = 870 which leaves 130, the minimum amount. Note that we must by the cheapest combination, which is E + 2D + B, in order to maximise the number of items purchased.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t&nbsp;"},{"question":"On her walk through the park, Sheetal collected 50 coloured leaves, all either maple or oak. She sorted them by category when she got home, and found the following:<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tThe number of red oak leaves with spots is even and positive.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tThe number of red oak leaves without any spot equals the number of red maple leaves without spots. All non-red oak leaves have spots, and there are five times as many of them as there are red spotted oak leaves.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tThere are no spotted maple leaves that are not red.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tThere are exactly 6 red spotted maple leaves.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tThere are exactly 22 maple leaves that are neither spotted nor red.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tHow many oak leaves did she collect?&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tA. 22&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tB. 17&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tC. 25&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tD.18&nbsp; &nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t&nbsp;","answer":"Ans. B.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tWe have 22 + 6 = 28 maple leaves. The red spotted oak leaves must be 2 and non-red spotted oak leaves must be 10. This accounts for 40 leaves. Then, spotted maple leaves not red = 0, this means that red maple without spots must&nbsp; be 5, which is equal to the red oak leaves without spots. Total oak leaves = 10 + 2 + 5 = 17.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t&nbsp;"},{"question":"A King has unflinching loyalty from eight of his ministers M1 to M8, but he has to select only four to make a cabinet committee. He decides to choose these four such that each selected person shares a liking with at least one of the other three selected. The selected persons must also hate at least one of the liking of any of the other three persons selected.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tM1 likes fishing and smoking, but hates gambling.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tM2 likes smoking and drinking, but hates fishing.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tM3 likes gambling, but hates smoking.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tM4 likes mountaineering, but hates drinking.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tM5 likes drinking, but hates smoking and mountaineering.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tM6 likes fishing, but hates smoking and mountaineering.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tM7 likes gambling and mountaineering, but hates fishing, and<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tM8 likes smoking and gambling, but hates mountaineering.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tWho are the four people selected by the king?<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tA. M1, M2, M5, M6&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tB. M3, M4, M5, M6&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tC. M4, M5, M6, M8&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tD. M1, M2, M4, M7&nbsp; &nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t&nbsp;","answer":"Ans. D.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tlikings: M1 = F + S; M2 = S + D; M5 = D, M6 = F -- at least one liking is shared. Dislikes: M1 = G, M2 = F, M5 = S + M, M6 = S + M. Since G is not in the liking list, choice (a) is wrong. Continue checking. Only M1, M2, M4 and M7 (liking = F + S + D + M + G, dislike = G + F + D + F) meets all the requirements.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t&nbsp;"},{"question":"In a \"keep-fit\" gymnasium class there are fifteen females enrolled in a weight-loss program. They all have been grouped in any one of the five weight-groups W1, W2, W3, W4, or W5. One instructor is assigned to one weight-group only. Sonali, Shalini, Shubhra, and Shahira belong to the same weight-group. Sonali and Rupa are in one weight-group, Rupali and Renuka are also in one weight-group. Rupa, Radha, Renuka, Ruchika, and Ritu belong to different weight-groups. Somya cannot be with Ritu, and Tara cannot be with Radha. Komal cannot be with Radha, Somya, or Ritu. Shahira is in W1 and Somya is in W4 with Ruchika. Sweta and Jyotika cannot be with Rupali, but are in a weight-group with total membership of four. No weight-group can have more than five or less than one member. Amita, Babita, Chandrika, Deepika, and Elina are instructors of weight-groups with membership sizes 5,4,3,2 and 1, respectively. Who is the instructor of Radha?<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tA. Babita&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tB. Elina&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tC. Chandrika&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tD. Deepika&nbsp; &nbsp;<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t&nbsp;","answer":"Ans. B.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\tRadha cannot be in W1 or with Tara or Komal. This leaves her to be in the group with membership 1, so Elina is her instructor.<br> \t\t\t\t\t\t&nbsp;"}]




Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name