Small Industries Development Bank Of India (SIDBI)
Small Industries Development Bank of India is an independent financial institution aimed to aid the growth and development of micro, small and medium-scale enterprises in India. Set up on April 2, 1990 through an act of parliament, it was incorporated initially as a wholly owned subsidiary of Industrial Development Bank of India. Current shareholding is widely spread among various state-owned banks, insurance companies and financial institutions. Beginning as a refinancing agency to banks and state level financial institutions for their credit to small industries, it has expanded its activities, including direct credit to the SME through 100 branches in all major industrial clusters in India. Besides, it has been playing the development role in several ways such as support to micro-finance institutions for capacity building and on lending. Recently it has opened seven branches christened as Micro Finance branches, aimed especially at dispensing loans up to Rs. 5.00 lakh. It is an apex body and nodal agency for formulating, coordination and monitoring the policies and programme for promotion and development of small scale industries.
SIDBI has also floated several other entities for related activities. Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises provides guarantees to banks for collateral-free loans extended to SME. SIDBI Venture Capital Ltd. is a venture capital company focused at SME. SME Rating Agency of India Ltd. (SMERA) provides composite ratings to SME.