Loading....
Coupon Accepted Successfully!

 

Solved Examples

Example-1
  1. The local traders association urged all its members to close down their shops for a day to protest against the government’s new tax policy.
  2. Many shopkeepers decided to close down their shops for the day and gave a day off to their employees.

Answers: There is a direct relationship between the two statements, where I is the cause and II is its effect. The local traders urged all its members to close down their shops for “one day”. Effecting closing down of shops by many shopkeepers for “one day”. Hence answer (a).

 

The presence of the phrase “one day” hints towards a direct relation between the statements. Majority of question with direct relationships will have something in common to justify the answers.
 

 
Example-2
  1. The prices of petroleum products dropped marginally last week.
  2. The State Government reduced the tax on petroleum products last week.

There is a direct relationship where II statement is the cause and I its effect. The common phrases in both the statements “last week” and “petroleum products” justify the relationship.

Also it a common economic trend, that when the taxes are reduced, prices fall. Hence answer (b).
 

 
Example-3
  1. Many people visited the religious place during the weekend.
  2. Few people visited the religious place during the week days.

Step-1: The first attempt has to be made towards working out a direct relationship between the statements. Observing the statements, anyone of them cannot be each other’s cause.

 

Step-2: Check if the statements are effects of a common cause.Both the statements when observed appear to be related effects of a common cause, which can be a holiday on the weekends. Hence, answer (e).
 
 

 
Example-4
  1. The staff of Airport authorities called off the strike they were observing in protest against privatization.
  2. The staff of Airport authorities went on strike anticipating a threat to their jobs.

Step-1: There is no direct relationship between them. Calling on a strike and calling off another strike cannot be related to each other.

  • Both cannot be effects of a common cause. Calling on a strike and calling off a strike cannot have a common cause.
In fact, both are effects of independent causes which are mentioned in the statements, i.e. privatization leading to calling off the strike and threat of losing a job leading to calling on a strike. They are effects of Independent causes.
 
Generally, cause and effect, if they are having a direct relationship to each other are easy to figure out. But if there is no direct relation, there are some characteristic of causes and effects which can be used to find out the correct answer.
 
 
CAUSE EFECT
  • Long term
     
    Eg. →Infrastructure development
  • Building of hospitals
  • Budget planning
  • Pollution changes
  • Short term
     
    Eg. Strikes, traffic jams, prices of commodities
  • Sudden changes
     
    Eg. Any natural calamity
  • They are dependent acts

  
Example-5
  1. The university authority has decided to conduct all terminal examinations in March/April every year to enable them to declare results in time.
  2. There has been considerable delay in declaring results in the past due to shortage of teachers evaluating the answer sheets of the examination conducted by the university.

Step 1 → There  is no direct relationship between the two statements.

 

Step 2 → Both the statement cannot be effects of a common cause or independent cause.

 

Step 3 → The first statement is a long term activity. Rescheduling all terminal examinations at the university cannot be a sudden change. It has to be a cause. Hence, both are independent cause.

The priority order has to be:

 

Step 1 → check for direct relationship a or b

 

Step 2 → check for effects of common cause e

 

Step 3 → check for effects of independent cause d

 

Step 4 → independent cause c
 

   
NOTE: If there is a doubt between a or e, pick a as answer since direct relationship has higher preference.
 
Or If there is a doubt between d and e, pick e, since common cause would be a better answer than independent causes.




Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name