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Kinds of Pronouns


I. Personal Pronouns:
A Pronoun which is used instead of the name of person is known as a ‘Personal Pronoun’. A list of the ‘Personal Pronouns’ is given below:
First Person- I, my, mine, me; we, our, ours, us. 
Second Person- Thou, thine, thy, thee, you, your, yours.
Third Person- He, his, him, she, her, hers, it, its, they, their, theirs, them.


II. Reflexive and Emphatic Pronouns:
When self is added to my, your, him, her, it and selves to our, your, them, we get Compound Personal Pronounswhen the action done by the subject turns back upon the subject. For example:
1. I hurt myself.
2. He hurt himself.
3. They hurt themselves.

When Compound Personal Pronouns are used to give emphasis they are called Emphatic Pronouns. Following examples will make this point clear:
1. I myself will do it.
2. You yourself can best explain.
3. They themselves admitted their guilt.


III. Demonstrative, Indefinite and Distributive Pronouns.
(a) Demonstrative Pronouns:
Pronouns used to point out the objects to which they refer are called Demonstrative Pronouns.
1. This is a present from my uncle.
2. These are merely excuses.
3. Bombay mangoes are better than those of Bangalore.

(b) Indefinite Pronouns:
All pronouns which refer to persons or things in a general way and do not refer to any particular person or thing are called Indefinite Pronouns.
1. Somebody has stolen my watch.
2. Few escaped unhurt.
3. Did you ask anybody to come?

(c) Distributive Pronouns:
Each, either, neither are called distributive pronouns because they refer to persons or things one at a time. For this reason they are always singular and followed by the verb in singular.
1. Each of the men received a reward.
2. These men received each a reward.
3. Either of you can go.
4. Neither of the accusations is true.


IV. Relative Pronouns:
A relative pronoun refers or relates to some noun going before, which is called its Antecedent.
1. I met Hari who used to live here.
2. I have found the pen which I had lost.
3. Here is the book that you lent me.


V. Interrogative Pronouns:
These pronouns are used for asking questions.
1. Whose book is this?
2. What will all the neighbours say?
3. Which do you prefer, tea or coffee?

Note: Interrogative pronouns can also be used in asking indirect questions. Consider the following examples:
1. I asked who was speaking.
2. Tell me what you have done.
3. Say which you would like best.

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