Reasoning
Statement and Assumptions
Statement: The Principal instructed all the teachers to be careful in class because some students may disturb other students.
Assumptions:
I. The teachers will handle the situation properly and they will point out the naughty students.
II. The students will welcome the decision of the Principal.
A  If only assumption I is implicit

B  If only assumption II is implicit;

C  If either I or II is implicit;

D  If neither I nor II is implicit

E  If both I and II are implicit.

(i) VALID: Desired Outcome. The principal warned the teachers because he desired that teachers would handle the situation properly and point out the naughty students.
(ii) INVALID: Not related to the statement. The perspective of the students is not mentioned in the statement, hence the assumption cannot be accepted.
Statement and Assumptions Flashcard List
1) 
2) 
3) 
4) 
5) 
6) 
7) 
8) 
9) 
10) 
11) 
12) 
13) 
14) 
15) 
16) 
17) 
18) 
19) 
20) 
21) 
22) 
23) 
24) 
25) 
26) 
27) 
28) 
29) 
30) 