Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words expressions are given in bold in the passage to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
‘When this quite unknown young man of thirty appeared in Chicago at the inaugural meeting of the Parliament of Religions, opened in September 1890, by Cardinal Gibbons, all his fellow members were forgotten in his commanding presence. His strength and beauty, the grace and dignity of his bearing, the dark light of his eyes, his imposing appearance and from the moment he began to speak, the splendid music of his rich voice enthralled the vast audience of American Anglo-Saxons, previously prejudiced against him on account of his colour. The thoughts of this warrior prophet of India left a deep mark upon the United States’. This is what is described by the great philosopher, Romain Rolland.
Swami Vivekananda was born as Narendranath Dutta, son of a well-known lawyer of Calcutta, Biswanath Dutta, and a very intelligent and pious lady, Bhuvaneshwari Devi, in the year 1863. Naren learnt the epics and Puranas from his mother. Naren was an all rounder. He could sing, was good at sports, had a ready wit, his range of knowledge was extensive, had a rational frame of the mind and he loved to help people.
He was a natural leader. He was a student of philosophy and the story of God very much haunted his mind. It was in Sri Ramakrishna he found his guru. Vivekananda travelled extensively through India. He was shocked to see the conditions of rural India, people ignorant, superstitious, half-starved and victims of caste-tyranny. It pained Swamiji to see Indians apingwestern ways and mannerism. Later he would call out the nation and say, ‘Feel proud that you are Indians even if you’re wearing a loin-cloth’.
He was not opposed to learning from the West, for he knew Western people had some great qualities and it was because of those qualities that they had become so rich and powerful. He wanted India to learn science and technology from the West and its power to organize and its practical sense, but, at the same time retain high moral and spiritual idealism.
A- Absence of knowledge and awareness among the rural folks. B- Lack of resources available with the rural folks to feed themselves. C- Irrational and unreasoning beliefs nurtured by the rural folks.
Vivekananda was grieved because of:
A- Absence of knowledge and awareness among the rural folks.
B- Lack of resources available with the rural folks to feed themselves.
C- Irrational and unreasoning beliefs nurtured by the rural folks.