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A pronoun is a word which is used in place of a noun.

Types Of Pronoun


Personal Pronoun

As is clear with the term ‘Personal’, i.e., related to a person this pronoun is used for.

  1. First Person, i.e., a person who is speaking. For example,
    I, me, my, mine
    We, us, our, ours
  2. Second Person, i.e., a person spoken to:
    For example, You, Your, Yours
  3. Third Person, i.e., a person spoken of:
    For example, He, Him, His
    She, Her, Hers
    It, Its
    They, Them, Their, Theirs

Reflexive Pronoun

As is clear with this term, reflexive pronoun means ‘it reflects (turns back) on the subject’. For example, Myself, yourself (singular), himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves (plural) and themselves.

  1. I washed myself.
  2. George injured himself.

Emphatic Pronoun

This noun is used to emphasise something. For example,

  1. She herself is coming here.
  2. He himself made this statement.
  3. This is my own house.

Note: There is a subtle difference between the reflexive and emphatic pronoun. Reflexive comes back on the subject and emphatic is used just for emphases. For example,

  1. I hurt myself. (Reflexive)
  2. I myself hurt him. (Emphatic)

In the sentence ‘hurt’ is done upon ‘I’ by using ‘myself’ sentence (2) ‘hurt’ is emphasised by ‘myself’.


Demonstrative Pronoun

This is used to demonstrate (i.e., to pointout) a noun. For example,

  1. This is a car gifted by my father.
  2. That is the Taj Mahal, a gift of beauty.

The above underlined words are pointing out a noun (car or Taj Mahal).


Indefinite Pronoun

This pronoun refers to an indefinite (not specific) person or thing. For example,

  1. Some are born genius.
  2. One must be attentive to understand this system.
  3. Be kind to others.
  4. Did you ask anybody to visit this room.

Distributive Pronoun

It is used to separate the noun at the singular level. Therefore, distributive pronouns are always singular with their singular verbs. For example,

  1. Each of the students received a book from library.
  2. Neither of statements could be proved.

Note: When each/either/neither is used before a singular noun, it becomes adjective as it, then, qualified the noun. For example,

  1. Each student received a book from library.

Mind it that distributive pronoun always distributes the noun and it does not qualify the noun.


Relative Pronoun

Its work is to relate itself to a particular noun or pronoun. Therefore, it is called as relative pronoun. The particular noun or pronoun to which relative pronoun relates is known as antecedents. For example,

  1. I met Mr Bean, who is a famous comedian.
  2. This is the building which was renovated last year.
  3. A rectangle whose all the sides are equal is called a square.

Forms of the Relative Pronouns: WHO

Sl. No.











Whose/of Which





  • Who/Whom/Whose is generally used for singular or plural noun.
  • Which is also used for singular or plural noun.
  • It is wrong to used ‘who’ in place of whom.
  • ‘That’ is used for noun (Plural or Singular).
  • ‘That’ way also be used as a relative pronoun is case of a superlative adjective. For example, He was the most intelligent scientist that I ever met.

Interrogative Pronoun

When a word is used to ask questions, it is called as interrogative pronoun. For example, Who, Whom, Whose, Which, etc.

  • ‘Who’ is used to find out the subject only when the subject is a person. For example,
    •   Mohan is playing chess.
    •   Who is playing chess?
  • ‘Whom’ is used to find out the object only when the object is a person. For example,
    •   I saw my uncle.
    •   Whom did you see?
  • ‘Whose’ is used to find out the owner (or the possession holder). For example,
    •   That book is mine.
    •   Whose is that book?

Reciprocal Pronoun

Since reciprocal relationship is shown in such words, it is called as reciprocal pronoun. For example, each other, one another.

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