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Preparation of esters Description: 51635.png

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Cyclic esters (lactones) may be obtained by intramolecular esterification of hydroxyl acids.

Chemical reactions

  1. Acyloin condensation
     
    Description: 52625.png
     
    Na ā†’ Na+ + eā€“
     
    Description: 51763.png
     
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  2. Reaction of NH3 with ester and keto ester
     
    Description: 52636.png
     
    Description: 51794.png
  3. Hydrolysis
     
    Description: 51809.png
     
    Description: 51818.png




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