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Types of Bond Cleavage

  1. Homolytic cleavage: Description: 39136.png
     
    Homolytic cleavage occurs generally in the gas phase or in solution in non-polar solvents and is catalyzed by ultraviolet light or high temperature or by radical initiators such as peroxides, alkyl hypohalites, and tetraethyl lead (TEL)
  2. Heterolytic cleavage: Description: 39144.png
     
    Heterolytic cleavage occurs in polar solvents because of the ease of separation of charge and stabilization of the resultant ion pairs through solvation.




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