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Law of Equipartition of Energy

For any system in thermal equilibrium, the total energy is equally distributed among its various degrees of freedom. The energy associated with each molecule of the system per degree of freedom of the system is (1/2)kT. where 57611.png, and T = absolute temperature of the system.
 
If the system possesses degree of freedom f, then
 

Total energy associated with each molecule:

57602.png 

Total energy associated with Nmolecules:

57595.png 

Total energy associated with each mole:

57589.png 

Total energy associated with μmole:

57582.png 

Total energy associated with each gram:

57576.png 

Total energy associated with M0gram:

57570.png 





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