Scientists are working hard to develop nuclear fusion reactor. Nuclei of heavy hydrogen, known as deuteron and denoted by D can be thought of as a candidate for fusion reactor. The D-D reaction is energy. In the core of fusion reactor, a gas of heavy hydrogen is fully ionized into deuteron nuclei and electrons. This collection of nuclei and electrons is known as plasma. The nuclei move randomly in the reactor core and occasionally come close enough for the nuclear fusion to take place. Usually, the temperatures in the reactor core are too high and no material wall can be used to confine the plasma. Special techniques are used which confine the plasma for a time t0 before the particles fly away from the core. If n is the density (number/volume) of deuterons, the product nt0 is called Lawson number. In one of the criteria, a reactor is termed successful if Lawson number is greater than 5X1014s/cm3.
It may be helpful to use the following: Boltzmann constant
Assume that two deuteron nuclei in the core of fusion reactor at temperature T are moving towards each other, each with kinetic energy 1.5kT, when the separation between them is large enough to neglect Coulomb potential energy. Also neglect any interaction from other particles in the core. The minimum temperature T required for them to reach a separation of 4 X 10−15m is in the range