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General Chemistry

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Acid-base Equilibrium

Question
6 out of 10
 

Strong acids and bases ionize completely in aqueous solutions. Weak acids and bases ionize only partially in aqueous solutions. An acid-base reaction is shown below. A titration was done by adding a base to a known concentration and fixed volume of an acid. The reaction follows:

The dissociation of a weak acid can be represented as:

Chemists often use Henderson-Hasselbach equation to calculate the pH of solutions containing a weak acid of known pKa, provided that the other concentrations are known. Henderson-Hasselbach equation is:

This equation is also used to calculate the buffering capability of solutions. It is roughly estimated that a given buffer is most likely to be effective at pH levels between (pKa + 1) and (pKa – 1).


The net ionic equation of Reaction 1 is:

A
B
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D
Ans. A The question asks for the net ionic equation of the given acid-base equation. The given reaction is a strong acid-strong base reaction.

Acid-base Equilibrium Flashcard List

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