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Aldol Addition and Condensation Reactions

In aldol addition reactions, a carbon-carbon bond is formed between the carbonyl carbon of one aldehyde molecule and the α-carbon of another aldehyde molecule. The product is a β-hydroxy aldehyde. After the nucleophilic addition of the enolate ion to the carbonyl group, removal of water of the β-hydroxy aldehyde can occur resulting in an α,β-unsaturated aldehyde. Study Sample reactions 22-11 and 22-12.
 
Sample reaction

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Sample reaction

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