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From Alcohols

Alkyl halides can be prepared from alcohols. The following examples show some representative reactions. The conversion of an alcohol to an alkyl halide is an example of a nucleophilic substitution reaction.
 

Sample reaction

image\Ch 20 sam 20-1.png
 

Sample reaction

image\Ch 20 sam 20-2.png

 

From Alkanes

Alkyl halides can be synthesized from alkanes. In this reaction, one of the alkane's hydrogen atoms is substituted with a halogen atom. The reaction occurs by free radical mechanism.
 

Sample reaction

image\Ch 20 sam 20-3.png


From Alkenes

Alkyl halides can be prepared from alkenes.
 

Sample reaction

image\Ch 20 sam 20-4.png
 

Sample reaction

image\Ch 20 sam 20-5.png






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