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Organic Chemistry

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Aromatic Compounds

Question
5 out of 16
 

For the reaction involving benzene and nitric acid in the presence of sulfuric acid, which of the following is true?

A The nitronium ion acts as the electrophile
B The reaction is an example of nucleophilic hydrogenation
C The reaction is an example of electrophilic addition reaction
D None of the above
Ans. A This reaction is an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. The product formed is nitrobenzene. In the reaction, nitronium ion acts as the electrophile which attacks the benzene to form the cyclohexadienyl intermediate, followed by the elimination of the proton to form nitrobenzene. The reaction mechanism follows:

image\Solutions ch 18, Q 5.png

Aromatic Compounds Flashcard List

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