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The Carbon Atom

Electrons are found in regions around the nucleus in an atom, and those regions are called orbitals. The orbitals can be defined and differentiated by size, shape, and orientation. Valence electrons are electrons that are found in the outermost shell. The carbon atom has four valence electrons. These valence electrons are involved in chemical reactions and bonding.

The electronic configuration:



Atomic number        –       6




Electronic configuration     –                                1s22s22p 2

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