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Sec 29 Uncertain agreements

Agreements, the meaning of which is not certain, or capable of being made certain, are void.

 

Example

Amar agrees to purchase a horse from Akbar for ₹ 20,000. He also agreed to pay ₹ 1,000 more, if the horse proved lucky. It was held that the agreement was void. It was observed that the court had no machinery to determine what luck (bad or good) the horse had brought to the buyer.

 

Example

X, Who is a dealer in coconut oil only. Agrees to sell to Y “100 tons of oil”. The nature of X’s trade affords an indication of the meaning of the words, and X has entered, into a contract for the sale oil 100 tons of coconut oil.

 

Example

X agree to sell to B “ 100 quintals of rice at a price to be fixed by Z”. As the price is capable of being made certain, there is no uncertainty here to make a agreement void.

 

Example

Z company agreed with A that, on the expiration of A’s existing contract, it would favourably consider the renewal of the contract. In a suit, it was held that no obligation was created to renew the contract for want of certainty.





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