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Sustainable Development


To maintain a balance between the environment and the development, it is essential to make every effort for the sustainable development to meet the needs of present generation.

  • Conservation, sustainability and biological diversity are interrelated. If human beings have to survive, they have to live in harmony with nature.
  • Montreal protocol was a convention signed in 1987 by 27 industrialised countries, a landmark international agreement to protect the stratospheric ozone by agreeing to limit the production and use of ozone-depleting substances, phasing out of ozone-depleting substances and helping the developing countries to implement the use of alternatives to CFCs. Currently, more than 175 countries have signed the Montreal Protocol.
  • Earth summit: United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) convened in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on 3–14 June 1992. Earth summit established the principles for reducing greenhouse gas emission.
  •  Kyoto Protocol: In an accord reached at United Nations meeting in Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997, 84 countries agreed on the need for an average
  • 5% reduction in industrialised countries’ 1990 emissions by the year 2012, to slow the global warming due to the greenhouse effect.

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