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Worked Examples of Letter Analogy

Example-1
B D A C: G I F H = N P M O : ?
  1. RSTU
  2. SURT
  3. SRUT
  4. UTSR
Solution
In the first term on the LHS, the letters in position number 3, 1, 4 and 2 are consecutive letters.
The second term on the LHS also follows the same pattern.
Further, between the first and the second term on the LHS, one letter (E) is missing.
Applying the same rule to the terms on the RHS, we have to skip one letter (Q) after P and write the next four consecutive letters in the positions 3, 1, 4 and 2, respectively.
Hence, the missing term is S U R T.
 
Answer: (2)
 
 
Example-2
P R L N: X Z T V = J L F H : ?
  1. TNPR
  2. RTTN
  3. RTPS
  4. RTNP
Solution
Here, in the first term on the LHS, the letters in positions 3, 4, 1 and 2 are alternate letters.
The second term on the LHS also follows the same pattern.
Further, the second letter of the first term and the third letter of the second term are also alternate letters.
It is observed that the first term on the RHS also follows the above pattern.
Only the letters in option 4 follow this pattern.
Further, the second letter ‘L’ of the first term on the RHS and the third letter of option (4), i.e., ‘N’, are alternate letters.
Hence, the answer is R T N P.
 
Answer: (4)
 
 
Example-3
?: I R O L = U F C X : R L O I
  1. XFUC
  2. CUFX
  3. XUCF
  4. FCUX
Solution
Here, the missing term (?) is on the LHS.
Hence, we are required to find the relation between the two terms on the RHS.
We notice that the second term on the LHS as well as the second term on the RHS contains the same set of letters, but in different order.
By comparing the letters of the first term with the letters of the second term on the RHS, we observe that each letter of the first term is replaced by a new letter in the second term, as shown.
 
U → R, F → L, C → O and X → I.
 
By applying the same technique to the LHS, we get the letters of the first term as X U C F.
Hence, the answer is X U C F.
 
Answer: (3)
 
 
Example-4
F H J L: G J M P = K M O Q : ?
  1. RGLO
  2. LORU
  3. LORS
  4. ROUL
Solution
Observe the letters in the first and second terms of the LHS.
We notice that F and G are consecutive letters.
Between H and J one letter is skipped (i.e., I).
Between J and M two letters (i.e., K and L) are skipped.
Between L and P three letters (i.e., M, N and O) are skipped.
We have a pattern here. Similar pattern should exist on the RHS also.
Following the pattern, we get the answer as L O R U.
 
Answer: (2)
 
 
Example-5
E V G T: I R K P = M N O L: ?
  1. GHJT
  2. QJRD
  3. QJSH
  4. RFGS
Solution
Observe the letters in the first term on the LHS.
E and G are alternate letters.
Moreover, E and V as well as G and T are corresponding letters.
Same pattern is followed by the letters in the second term also.
Further, three letters are skipped between E and I.
The first term on the RHS also follows the above pattern.
On skipping three letters after M, we get the letter Q. So, Q should be the first letter of the second term on the RHS.
The corresponding letter of Q is J and the next alternate letter of Q is S.
The corresponding letter of S is H.
Hence, the second term on the RHS should be Q J S H.
 
Answer: (3)
 
 
Example-6
M K Q O : L N P R = ? : X V T Z
  1. Y S U W
  2. V T W Y
  3. W Y T S
  4. X U S Y
Solution
Observe the first and second terms on the LHS.
M and L are consecutive letters in the reverse order.
Two letters are skipped between K and N.
Again, Q and P are consecutive letters in the reverse order and two letters are skipped between O and R.
Applying the same pattern to the terms on the RHS, we get the missing term as Y S U W.
 
Answer: (1)
 
 
Example-7
?: B Z X D = H L J F : N R P T
  1. P S V R
  2. P T V R
  3. P R U T
  4. P T V Q
Solution
Observe all the given terms carefully.
We notice that each term consists of four alternate letters in a jumbled manner.
The second term on the LHS is BZXD.
The letters X, Z, B and D are alternate letters.
The first term on the RHS is HLJF.
The letters F, H, J and L are alternate letters.
Similarly, the letters N, P, R and T of the second term on the RHS are also alternate letters.
Only option (2) complies with this requirement.
In this option, P, R, T and V are alternate letters.
 
Answer: (2)
 
 
Example-8
P Y X F : ? = ? : U D S K
  1. Q Y V F; S C U J
  2. O X E Y; V E L R
  3. O X Y E; V E R L
  4. Q X W G; T C T J
Solution
In this problem, two terms (one on the LHS and the other on the RHS) are missing.
In such problems, we are required to find the correct answer by the trial and error method.
Let us consider the first option.
Then the analogy appears as under:
 
P Y X F : Q Y V F = S C U J : U D S K
 
Here, notice that the last letter of the first and second terms on the LHS is same, whereas the terms on the RHS do not follow this pattern.
Further, no other common pattern is noticed.
So this option does not hold good.
 
Now, let us consider the second option.
On replacing the ‘?’ mark with the terms given in option (2), the analogy appears as under:
 
P Y X F : O X E Y = V E L R : U D S K
 
We observe that the second and third letters of the first term on the LHS have occupied fourth and second positions in the second term on the LHS.
But this pattern is not followed by the terms on the RHS.
Further, no other common pattern is noticed. So, this option is also not correct.
 
Now, let us consider the third option.
On replacing the ‘?’ mark with the terms given in option (3), the analogy appears as under:
 
P Y X F : O X Y E = V E R L : U D S K
 
Here, consider the first and second terms on the LHS.
We find that P and O are consecutive letters in the reverse order.
Y and X are also consecutive letters in the reverse order.
X and Y are consecutive letters in the right order.
F and E are again consecutive letters in the reverse order.
We have a pattern here.
The same pattern is followed by the terms on the RHS also.
So this is the correct option.
 
Answer: (3)
 




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