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Worked Examples of Word Analogy

Example-1
C O B L E R : S H O E S : : C A R P E N T E R : ?
  1. W O O D
  2. F U R N I T U R E
  3. T O O L S
  4. H A M M E R
Solution
Construct a paraphrase relating COBLER and SHOES.
 
COBLER makes SHOES. Similarly, CARPENTER makes FURNITURES.
 
So, the correct answer option is (2).
 
Here, we cannot select WOOD as the correct option, because WOOD is a raw material for CARPENTER whereas SHOES is a finished product for COBLER.
In case LEATHER is given on the LHS in the place of SHOES, then we need to select WOOD as the correct answer option.
In such case, the paraphrase can be constructed as under.
 
COBLER works with LEATHER and CARPENTER works with WOOD.
 
 
Example-2
D E S T R O Y: D E M O L I S H : : ? : R E P A I R
  1. B R E A K
  2. S P O I L
  3. M A K E
  4. S E T R I G H T
Solution
DESTROY and DEMOLISH are the words having the same meaning.
They are the synonyms.
Similarly, SETRIGHT and REPAIR are synonyms.
 
Answer: (4)
 
 
Example-3
H A P P Y: S A D : : T A L L : ?
  1. S H O R T
  2. L E N G T H
  3. H E I G H T
  4. L O N G
Solution
HAPPY and SAD have opposite meaning.
They are the antonyms.
Similarly, TALL and SHORT are antonyms.
 
Answer: (1)
 
 
Example-4
B R I G H T : S U N : : ? : K N I F E
  1. S T E E L
  2. S H A R P
  3. C U T
  4. B L A D E
Solution
Construct a paraphrase as given below:
 
SUN is BRIGHT and KNIFE is SHARP
 
Answer: (2)
 
 
Example-5
S C H O O L : C L A S S R O O M : : B O O K : ?
  1. P R I N T
  2. P U B L I S H
  3. P A G E
  4. P A P E R
Solution
CLASSROOM is a part of the SCHOOL.
Similarly, PAGE is a part of the BOOK.
 
Answer: (3)
 

Example-6
H A M M E R : T O O L : : S C O O T E R : ?
  1. R I D E
  2. P E T R O L
  3. R O A D
  4. T W O W H E E L E R
Solution
HAMMER is a TOOL and SCOOTER is a TWO WHEELER.
 
Answer: (4)
 
 
Example-7
C L U B : G O L F: : ? : ?
  1. TYPE : BOOK
  2. BALL : SOCCER
  3. BOARD : CHESS
  4. RACKET : TENNIS
Solution
We can make the paraphrase as ‘a CLUB is used to play GOLF’.
But this paraphrase helps us to eliminate only the answer choice (1).
So, we should construct a more specific paraphrase as ‘A CLUB is used to strike a BALL in the game of golf’.
Similarly, ‘a RACKET is used to strike a BALL in the game of TENNIS’.
Thus, the correct answer alternative is (4).
If more than one answer choice fits a particular paraphrase, then the paraphrase is to be made more specific.
 
 
Example-8
SEDATIVE : DROWSINESS : : ? : ?
  1. VACCINE : VIRUS
  2. ANAESTHETIC : NUMBNESS
  3. LAXATIVE : DRUG
  4. TONIC : HEALTH
Solution
SEDATIVE causes DROWSINESS and ANAESTHETIC causes NUMBNESS.
 
Answer: (2)
 




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