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Partition of Vietnam

The French wanted to recapture power by using the puppet emperor Bao Dai. The Vietnamese fought nearly eight years long battle and defeated the French in 1954 at Dien Bien Phu. According to the peace negotiations in Geneva, Vietnam was divided into two parts––the north (under communist power by Ho Chi Minh) and the south (headed by Bao Dai’s regime).

The Bao Dai regime was soon overthrown by a coup led by Ngo Dinh Diem, a dictator. The National Liberation Front (NLF) with the help of Ho Chi Minh fought for the unification of Vietnam. During this period the US entered into Vietnamese war from 1965 to 1972. The US war was brutal, the widespread attacks and use of chemical weapons destroyed many villages and decimated jungles. Civilians died in large numbers. The chemical weapons used by the Americans against Vietnamese were Napalm bomb, phosphorous bombs and Agent Orange.

The US entry into Vietnam was condemned by the media, film fraternities and the citizens of US. 
US failed to achieve its objective and accepted it as a policy of Blunder. The US occupation came to an end with a peace settlement signed in Paris in January 1974. The NLF occupied the presidential palace in Saigon and Vietnam was unified in 1975.

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