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Print and Censorship

By 1820s, the Calcutta Supreme Court passed certain regulations to control press freedom of Press. In 1835, Governor-General Bentinck revised the Press Laws. Thomas Macaulay formulated new rules that restored the earlier freedom.

After the Revolt of 1857, the freedom of the press changed and censorship was put on ‘native’ press. In 1878, the Vernacular Press Act was passed, modeled on the Irish Press Laws.

Despite repressive measures, nationalist newspapers grew in numbers in all parts of India. For example, Balgangadhar Tilak wrote about the deportation of Punjab revolutionaries in 1907 in his newspaper Kesari, but he was imprisoned for the act.

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