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Six Sentences with First and Last Sentence Fixed

In this type of SA questions, the first and the last sentences of the sequences are usually fixed and known to you. The four sentences between them are jumbled up and you are required to arrange them logically to form a coherent paragraph, maintaining the logical flow of thought or idea that is being expressed. Although these questions take more time because you need to atleast glance through all the six sentences, you have a higher chance to get these questions correct. This is because the first and last sentences that are fixed give many clues to the logical sequence of the sentences that are jumbled up.
For example, when the first sentence is already given, you will find it easier to figure out what comes immediately after it by identifying the sentence that most appropriately builds upon the context conveyed in the first sentence. Similarly, when you know the last sentence, it will be easier for you to identify the sentence that immediately precedes this sentence and leads to the last sentence. Therefore, knowing the first and the last sentence, as is often the case in such questions, you can first identify the second and the second last sentences, respectively, and then start using the device of elimination from the earliest possible stage.
In each of the questions that follow, arrange sentences A, B, C and D between sentences 1 and 6, to form a logical paragraph with sentence 1 as the starting sentence and sentence 6 as the concluding sentence of the paragraph.
  1. As is obvious from the nature of the provisions, the broadcasting bill, if it is on the above lines, is going to be controversial.
    1. Broadcasters may go to court.
    2. And print media owners will not take kindly to cross-media restrictions.
    3. Viewers would complain if channels were to suddenly go off the air.
    4. Cable operators will be up in the arms if franchising is carried out.
  1. Nobody in media circles, therefore, expects a smooth passage for the bill.
    1. ABCD
    2. BACD
    3. CADB
    4. DCBA
On reading the four sentences, B is unlikely to be the first one—it starts with an ‘and’, which indicates that it adds on to something that has already been said. There has to be a sentence before it in the logical sequence whose idea the ‘and’ continues to build upon or elaborate. It might be confusing as to which out of A, C, or D should be the first sentence to follow starting sentence 1 because all these sentences convey simultaneous thoughts that could follow the starting sentence (1) in any order.
However, it is clear that B should be the last sentence amongst the four—‘And print media
owners …’ and should lead to the final sentence (6) that refers to the low expectations of the media regarding the bill getting passed easily. The only option with B as the last sentence amongst the four sentences that are jumbled is (C). Therefore, option (C) is the correct answer.
Therefore, establishing either the sentence that should follow the opening sentence or the sentence that should immediately precede the concluding sentence (or identifying both) can help you to identify the correct sequence from the given options very quickly.
As you have seen in this case, at times, even a single clue can help you unravel the entire sequence. In the above example, it was the knowledge that sentence B has to be the last sentence amongst the four sentences that helped you in identifying the correct sequence. But this may not always be the case. Often, you will need to identify more than one clues or links between sentences to be able to find out the correct sequence.

Take a look at the following example.
  1. The Hanuman signified that the car market in India was ready to take a giant leap forward.
    1. But one car changed all that.
    2. But none that kicked up dust on racetracks, none that could stand bumper to bumper with sleek foreign models and none that you could spend your weekend polishing.
    3. The country had sturdy cars, spacious cars, vintage cars.
    4. One car, that gave wing to every man’s dream of freedom.
  1. The Hanuman 800.
    1. ADCB
    2. CDAB
    3. BCDA
    4. CBAD
Both A and B begin with ‘But’ and therefore should say something to the contrary of what is being said in the sentence immediately preceding each of them respectively. Therefore, neither A nor B can be the first sentence amongst the four that need to be arranged in the logical sequence as neither of them connects with (or contradicts what is being said in) statement (1). This rules out options (A) and (C) from the given choices. While either C or D can be the first sentence, sentence C appears to be a better option. Sentence (1) talks about the car market in India and sentence C follows it as it talks about the various types of cars in India. This can also be ascertained by looking at the remaining choices, (B) and (D), both of which start with C. But sentence D does not logically follow sentence C, whereas sentence B does follow C as it implicitly talks about the shortcomings of the ‘cars’ that have been introduced in sentence C. This leaves (D) as the correct choice.
You can also confirm this by verifying the logical flow of the remaining sentences in the sequence A-D-6. Sentence D follows A, as it builds on the ‘one car’ that is introduced in sentence A. Also sentence 6 logically follows A and D, as it names the ‘one car’ that both the previous sentences refer to. Therefore, the correct answer is (D).
In the above questions, after having identified that either option (B) or (D) is correct because A or B cannot be the first sentence, you could have quickly identified either C–B or A–D as sentences that must appear together in order in the final sequence. These mandatory links between pairs of sentences can help you to quickly eliminate the wrong options and reach the right one.

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