Role of TechnologyThe railways, steamships and the telegraph played an important role in the nineteenth-century world. The colonisation stimulated new investments and improvements in transport. Faster railways, lighter wagons and larger ships helped move food more cheaply and quickly from faraway farms to final markets.
In 1870s, animals were no more shipped live from America to Europe later to be slaughtered on arrival, but with technological advancement, animals were slaughtered for food at the starting point in America, Australia or New Zealand and then transported to Europe as frozen meat. This reduced shipping costs and lowered meat prices in Europe.