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Types of Pronouns:

Demonstrative Pronouns

These pronouns are used to demonstrate (or indicate) specific things such as this, that, these and those.


·       This is the one I left in the car.

·       Shall I take those?



Indefinite pronouns

Indefinite pronouns are used for non-specific things. All, some, any, several, anyone, nobody, each, both, few, either, none, one and no one are the most common.


·       Somebody must have seen the driver leave.

·       We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars. (Oscar Wilde)


Interrogative Pronouns

These pronouns are used in questions such as who, which, what, where and how.


·       Who told you to do that?

·       Which dog won the race?

Personal Pronouns

The personal pronouns are I, you, he, she, it, we and they. They replace nouns representing people.

Nominative Case: I, we, you, he, she, it, they.

Objective Case: me, us, you, him, her, it, them.

Possessive Case: mine (my), ours (our), yours (your), his, hers, its, theirs (their)

Important: you, your, yours are used both for singular and plural.



·                     We can't all be heroes because somebody has to sit on the curb and clap as they go by.

·                     I bought some batteries, but they weren't included.


Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns are used to show ownership or possession such as my, your, his, her, its, our and theirs. Example:

·        Have you seen her book?

Relative Pronouns

Relative pronouns are used to add more information to a sentence such as which, that, who, whom, whose and where.


·        Dr Adam Sissons, who lectured at Cambridge for more than 12 years, should have known the difference.

·        The man who first saw the comet reported it as a UFO.


Absolute Possessive Pronouns

These pronouns also show possession. Unlike possessive pronouns which are adjectives to nouns, these pronouns sit by themselves, such as mine, yours, his, hers, ours and theirs.


·                     The tickets are as good as ours.

·                     Shall we take yours or theirs?



Reciprocal Pronouns

Reciprocal pronouns are used for actions or feelings that are reciprocated. The two most common reciprocal pronouns are each other and one another.


·                     They like one another.

·                     They talk to each other like they're babies.

Reflexive Pronouns

A reflexive pronoun ends ...self or ...selves and refers to another noun or pronoun in the sentence, usually the subject of the sentence. The reflexive pronouns are: myself, yourself, herself, himself, itself, ourselves, yourselves and themselves.


·        The dog bit itself.

·        Are you talking to yourself?



Intensive or Emphatic Pronouns

An intensive or emphatic pronoun refers to another noun or pronoun in the sentence to emphasise it.


·        John bakes all the bread himself.

·        The cat opened the door itself.



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