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Introduction of Inductive Arguments

In this chapter we will classify and study the major types of inductive arguments.
An argument is deductive if its conclusion necessarily follows from its premises—otherwise it is inductive. In an inductive argument, the author presents the premises as evidence or reasons for the conclusion. The validity of the conclusion depends on how compelling the premises are. Unlike deductive arguments, the conclusion of an inductive argument is never certain. The truth of the conclusion can range from highly likely to highly unlikely. In reasonable arguments, the conclusion is likely. In fallacious argu­ments, it is improbable. We will study both reasonable and fallacious arguments.
First, we will classify the three major types of inductive reasoning—generalization, analogy, and causal—and their associated fallacies. Next, we will study common fallacies.

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