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Directions and Reference Material

Be sure you understand the directions below so that you do not need to read or interpret them during the test.
Directions: Solve each problem and decide which one of the choices given is best. Fill in the corresponding circle on your answer sheet. You can use any available space for scratchwork.


  1. All numbers used are real numbers.
  2. Figures are drawn as accurately as possible EXCEPT when it is stated that the figure is not drawn to scale. All figures lie in a plane unless otherwise indicated.
  3. Unless otherwise stated, the domain of a function f should be assumed to be the set of all real numbers x for which f(x) is real number.


Note 1: indicates that complex numbers, , do not appear on the test.
Note 2: indicates that figures are drawn accurately. Hence, you can check your work and in some cases even solve a problem by “eyeballing” the figure.  We’ll discuss this technique in detail later. If a drawing is labeled “Figure not drawn to scale,” then the drawing is not accurate. In this case, an angle that appears to be 90˚ may not be or an object that appears congruent to another object may not be. The statement “All figures lie in a plane unless otherwise indicated” indicates that two-dimensional figures do not represent three-dimensional objects. That is, the drawing of a circle is not representing a sphere, and the drawing of a square is not representing a cube.


Note 3: indicates that both the domain and range of a function consist of real numbers, not complex numbers. It also indicates that a function is defined only on its domain. This allows us to avoid stating the domain each time a function is presented.
For example, in the function , we do not need to state that the 4 is not part of the domain since  is undefined. The expression  is not a real number; it does not even exist.

Reference Information


Although this reference material can be handy, be sure you know it well so that you do not waste time looking it up during the test.

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