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Step 5-Organizing Your Thoughts

Now let’s organize all of our information so that writing the essay will be quick and simple. Following are formulas specific to each pattern of development. These formulas will prompt you to plug in your thesis and counter argument points. (Note that the following formulas require you to plug in the three numbered items from your thesis in succession. Although it is not necessary that you discuss them in this order, we will label it that way for simplicity.) In addition, there are spaces in the formula for you to insert 1 or 2 pieces of supporting evidence. Don’t be intimidated by these formulas. They are meant to be a skeleton for organizing your essay. If you practice by writing essays using the sample prompts in this book, you’ll get accustomed to using the outlines, and they will seem much less imposing.
 
COMPARISON – CONTRAST ESSAY FORMULA (formula 3-1):
  1. Introduction – Paragraph 1
    1. Restate your topic
    2. Thesis statement (formula 1-1)
  2. Support – Paragraph 2
    1. Counter Claim point #1 (formula 2-1)
    2. Thesis point #1 (formula 1-1)
      1. Support for thesis point #1
      2. Support for thesis point #1
  3. Support – Paragraph 3
    1. Counter Claim point #2 (formula 2-1)
    2. Thesis point #2 (formula 1-1)
      1. Support for thesis point #2
      2. Support for thesis point #2
  4. Support – Paragraph 4
    1. Counter Claim point #3 (formula 2-1)
    2. Thesis point #3 (formula 1-1)
      1. Support for thesis point #3
      2. Support for thesis point #3
  5. Conclusion – Paragraph 5
    1. Restate thesis
    2. Issue a warning or a call for action
CAUSE - EFFECT ESSAY FORMULA (formula 3-2):
  1. Introduction – Paragraph 1
    1. Restate your topic
    2. Thesis statement (formula 1-2)
  2. Support – Paragraph 2
    1. Counter Claim (formula 2-2)
    2. Thesis point #1 (formula 1-2)
      1. Support for thesis point #1
      2. Support for thesis point #1
  3. Support – Paragraph 3 – Thesis point #2 (formula 1-2)
    1. Support for thesis point #2
    2. Support for thesis point #2
  4. Support – Paragraph 4 – Thesis point #3 (formula 1-2)
    1. Support for thesis point #3
    2. Support for thesis point #3
  5. Conclusion – Paragraph 5
    1. Restate thesis
    2. Issue a warning or a call for action
DEFINITION ESSAY FORMULA (formula 3-3):
  1. Introduction – Paragraph 1
    1. Restate your topic
    2. Thesis statement (formula 1-3)
  2. Support – Paragraph 2
    1. Counter Claim (formula 2-3)
    2. Thesis point #1 (formula 1-3)
      1. Support by using thesis point A (formula 1-3)
      2. Support by using thesis point A (formula 1-3)
  3. Support – Paragraph 3 – Thesis point #2 (formula 1-3)
    1. Support by using point B (formula 1-3)
    2. Support by using point B (formula 1-3)
  4. Support – Paragraph 4 – Thesis point #3 (formula 1-3)
    1. Support by using point C (formula 1-3)
    2. Support by using point C (formula 1-3)
  5. Conclusion – Paragraph 5
    1. Restate thesis
    2. Issue a warning or a call for action




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