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CENSUS 2011: Important Facts

  • 2001-2011 is the first decade (with the exception of 1911-1921) which has actually added lesser population compared to the previous decade.
  • Uttar Pradesh (199.5 million) is the most populous State in the country followed by Maharashtra with 112 million.
  •  The percentage decadal growth rates of the six most populous States have declined during 2001-2011 compared to 1991-2001:

a. Uttar Pradesh (25.85% to 20.09%)


b. Maharashtra (22.73% to 15.99%)


c. Bihar (28.62% to 25.07%)


d. West Bengal (17.77 % to 13.93%)


e. Andhra Pradesh (14.59% to 11.10%)


f. Madhya Pradesh (24.26% to 20.30%)


  • During 2001-2011, as many as 25 States/UTs with a share of about 85% of the country's population registered an annual growth rate of less than 2% as compared to, 15 States/UTs with a share of about 42% during the period 1991-2001.
  • 15 States/UTs have grown by less than 1.5% per annum during 2001-2011, while the number of such States/UTs was only 4 during the previous decade.
  • The total number of children in the age-group 0-6 is 158.8 million (-5 million since 2001).
  • Twenty States and Union Territories now have over one million children in the age group 0-6 years. On the other extreme, there are five States and Union Territories in the country that are yet to reach the one hundred thousand mark.
  • Uttar Pradesh (29.7 million), Bihar (18.6 million), Maharashtra (12.8 million), Madhya Pradesh (10.5 million) and Rajasthan (10.5 million) constitute 52% children in the age group of 0-6 years.
  • Population (0-6 years) 2001-2011 registered minus (-)3.08 percent growth with minus ()2.42 for males and -3.80 for females.
  • The proportion of Child Population in the age group of 0-6 years to total population is 13.1 percent while the corresponding figure in 2001 was 15.9 percent. The decline has been to the extent of 2.8 points.
  • Overall sex ratio at the national level has increased by 7 points to reach 940 at Census 2011 as against 933 in Census 2001. This is the highest sex ratio recorded since Census 1971 and a shade lower than 1961. Increase in sex ratio is observed in 29 States/UTs.
  • Three major States (J&K, Bihar & Gujarat) have shown decline in sex ratio as compared to Census 2001.
  • Kerala with 1084 has the highest sex ratio followed by Puducherry with 1038, Daman & Diu has the lowest sex ratio of 618.
  • Child sex ratio (0-6 years) is 914. Increasing trend in the child sex ratio (0-6) seen in Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Mizoram and A&N Islands. In all remaining 27 States/UTs, the child sex ratio show decline over Census 2001.
  • Mizoram has the highest child sex ratio (0-6 years) of 971 followed by Meghalaya with 970. Haryana is at the bottom with ratio of 830 followed by Punjab with 846.
  • Literacy rate has gone up from 64.83% in 2001 to 74.04% in 2011 showing an increase of 9.21 percentage points.
  • Percentage growth in literacy during 2001-2011 is 38.82; males: 31.98% & females : 49.10%.
  • Literates constitute 74% of the total population aged seven and above and illiterates form 26%.


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