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Definition
 
When we express someone’s words in our own words, it is called – “Indirect Speech” and when we express someone’s words as it is, it is called – “Direct Speech”.

 

Example:
He said to me, “I write a letter”. (Direct)
He told me that he wrote a letter. (Indirect)

 

Rules for changing “Direct Speech” into “Indirect Speech”
  1. Reporting verb is changed according to the form and sense of the sentence.
  2. Inverted commas are removed in the indirect-speech.
  3. Connective word is used in the beginning of the reported speech.
  4. Verb of the reported speech is changed according to the form and sense of the sentence.
  5. Persons of the reported speech are changed.
  6. Words showing nearness, time or place are changed.

For example: ‘yesterday’ is changed into “the previous day”.





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