In each of the following questions a short passage is given with one of the lines in the passage missing and represented by a blank. Select the best out of the five answer choices given, to make the passage complete and coherent.
The fiscal position of the Indian Governments – both Centre and States –has been under stress since the mid -1980s. The stress stems from the inadequacy of receipts in meeting the growing expenditure requirements. Reflecting the fiscal stress, the expenditure for development activities, which are directly related to growth, has suffered. On other hand expenditure on non-developmental purposes, largely committed, has witnessed a steady rise. …… in favor of developmental expenditure in order to enable higher growth. That the state of finances of States is in disarray is beyond dispute. The state finances have not been properly managed not only by the states but also by the planning commission and the central Government, which include economists who do not see states as autonomous responsible organizations.