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Prepositional Phrases - I

Following is a list of words followed by appropriate propositions.

 

Abide – in, at, with, for, by
Abide in a house.
Abide at a place.
Abide with a person.
Abide by the law.

 

Abound – in, with
This land abounds in rivulets.
This sincere man abounded with blessings.

 

Abstain – from
Modern man cannot abstain from luxuries

 

Accommodate – to, with
He accommodated himself to circumstances.
Rajiv accommodated Ashok with a loan.

 

Account – to, for
Take this money but account to the cashier.
You will have to account for your actions.

 

Accuse – of
The man accused of theft has been arrested.

 

Accustomed – to
He is accustomed to working hard.

 

Acquit – of
He has been acquitted of the charge.

 

Active – in, for, with, about
Active in work
Active in a cause
Active for an object
Active with a person
Active about something

 

Adapt – to
He adapted himself to the situation.

 

Admit – to, into, of
I will admit you to the performance. (access)
He was admitted into the class.
His performance admits of his talents.

 

Agree – to, with, among, upon or on
Agree to a proposal.
Agree with a person.
Agree among themselves.
Agree on some subject.

 

Angry – with, at, for
Angry with a person.
Angry at an action.
Angry for doing something.

 

Answer – to, for
Answer to a person.
Answer for actions.

 

Apply – to, for, by, on
Apply to a person
Apply for something
Apply by a date
Apply on a paper

 

Approve – of
Do you approve of my plan?

 

Arrive – at, in
Arrive at a place.
Arrive in a car.

 

Attend – to, upon
Please attend to me. (pay attention)
The nurse is attending upon the patient. (serving)

 

Avail – of
He availed himself of the opportunity.

Prepositional Phrases - II

 

Banish – from
He was banished from the country.

 

Battle – of, between, for, against
Battle of waterloo
Battle between armies
Battle for life
Battle against attackers

 

Bear – with, upon
Please bear with him, he’s only a child. (tolerate)
It will bear upon his health.

 

Beg – for
Beg for something

 

Believe – in
Believe him. (believe what he says).
Believe in him (have faith in him)

 

Because – of (something or someone)
I got into this mess because of him.
She got wet because of the rains. 

 

Blind – to
He is blind to his defects.

 

Boast – of
He often boasts of his knowledge.

 

Break – into, out, away
Break into a house
Break out from prison
Break away from customs

 

Call – on or upon, for, about
Call on a person
Call for a thing
Call about a matter

 

Care – for, about, of
I do not care for his remarks.
I do not care about your remarks
Take care of your pen.

 

Carry – on, off, out
Carry on with this trade. (Continue)
They carried off the trophy.
Orders must be carried out.

 

Clear – to, in, of
Clear to mind.
Clear in thinking.
Clear of annoyance. 

 

Compare – to, with
‘to’ is used to compare different things.
‘with’ is used to compare similar things.

 

Compete – with, for
Compete with a person.
Compete for a prize.

 

Complain – of, to, against, for
Complain of headache
Complain to the manager
Complain against the peon
Complain for physical abuse

 

Congratulation – on, upon
I congratulate you on your success.

 

Consist – of, in
‘consist of means ‘composed of’
‘consist in’ means ‘lies in’

 

Contrary – to
This is contrary to my proposal

 

Control – over
I have no control over his activities.

 

Converse – with, about
Converse with a person.
Converse about something.

 

Count – on
Count the money (to reckon)

 

Deal – in, with
‘Deal in’ means ‘to have business’
‘Deal out’ (to distribute) playing cards.
‘Deal with’ (to tackle). 

 

Differ – with, from
Differ with denotes disagreement.
Differ from means unlike.

 

Distinguish – between, from
Distinguish between two things.
Distinguish one thing from another.

Prepositional Phrases - III

 

Eager- for, in
Eager for favour.
Eager to pursue something.

 

Equal – to
You will have to be equal to the task.

 

Excel – in
He excels in every department of life. 

 

Familiar – with
Familiar with a subject (acquainted with).

 

Feed-on
This bird feeds on eggs.

 

Free – form, of
I am free from social bondage. 

 

Glare –at
He glared at me in anger.

 

Grateful – to
I am grateful to you for this.

 

Hear – from
I have not heard from him.

 

Hinder – from
Hinder from doing something.

 

Indulge – in
Do not indulge in such actions.

 

Infer – from
What can you infer from this statement?

 

Involve – in
He is involved in this robbery.

 

Inquire – of, about, into
Inquire of a person about something
Inquire into a case. (investigate)

 

Laugh – at, with
Laugh at someone for his foolishness
Laugh with means share happiness

 

Listen – to
Listen to what one says

 

Long – for
He is longing for success. (desiring) 

 

Look- for, at, into, after
Look for (searching)
Look at (to see)
Look after (to take of)
Look into (to investigate)

 

Object – to
I object to this proposal. 

 

Part –with
Part with a thing

 

Persist – in
He persisted in saying so.

 

Pity – for, on
Pity for means when we think of having pity.
Pity on mean when we have pity.

 

Plead – with, for
Plead with a person for something.

 

Plot – against
Plot against a person.

Prepositional Phrases - IV

 

Pray – for, to
Pray for means to request.
Pray to God.

 

Prevail – over, on
Prevail over (means to overcome)
Prevail on (means persuade)

 

Prevent – from, by
He is prevented by circumstances from doing that work

 

Prohibited – by, from
Prohibited for your children against a rainy day.

 

Quarrel – with, about
Quarrel with someone about something.

 

Recover –from
He has recovered from illness. 

 

Rejoice - at
Rejoice at this success.

 

Rely – to
Give an early reply to my letter.

 

Responsible – to, for
Responsible to a person for something.

 

Run – out, down, into
Run out means exhausted.
Run down means to condemn.
Run into means to collide.

 

Save – from
Save some one from trouble.
 

See – to, about, through
See to it.
I can see through the trick.
See about a matter.

 

Side – with
Side with a person (favour)

 

Speak – to, for
Speak to means to converse.
Speak for means to represent.

 

Stand – against
I cannot stand against his attack.

 

Succeed – in, to
Succeed in an undertaking.
Succeed to property.

 

Sympathize – with
You should sympathize with him.

 

Talk – to, about, over
Talk to a person about something
Talk over means to discuss

 

Tired – of
Tired of means to discuss

 

Vote – for, against
Vote for means to support.
Vote against means to oppose.

 

Wait – for, at
wait at the table for a person.

 

Wish – for, at
Wish for something.

 

Yield –to
Yield to the request of someone.

Prepositional Phrases and their Meanings

 

 

Phrases

Meanings

1

Act for

To work in place of another

2

Act upon

Influence

3

Agree with

Adjust

4

Ask after

Enquire

5

Ask for

Demand

6

Back up

Support

7

Back out

Not keeping one’s word

8

Be off

Go away

9

Bear down

To suppress forcefully

10

Bear with

Tolerate

11

Beat off

To overcome after a struggle

12

Blow out

Put off

13

Blow up

Explode

14

Break in

Initiate

15

Break off

Stop suddenly

16

Bring about

Cause

17

Bring up

Look after

18

 Call at

Visit at home

19

Call for

Demand, ask for

20

Call off

Cancel

21

Call on

Visit

22

Care for

Like

23

Carry on

Continue

24

Catch on

Understand

25

Clear off

Run away

26

Clear out

Go out

27

Come about

Happen

28

Come along

Accompany

29

Come out

Reveal

30

Come through

Succeed

31

Come upon

Meet

32

Cook up

To create artificially

33

Count on

Depend

34

Cut down

Reduce

35

Cut in

Interrupt

36

Cut off

To stop completely

37

Cut short

Interrupt, discontinue

38

Cut up

To become very sad

39

Deal with

Handle

40

Die down

End

41

Dip out

Take out

42

Dispose of

Get rid of

43

Draw back

With draw

44

Draw in

Bring in

45

Draw up

Make

46

Drop in

Visit without any purpose

47

Drop out

Stop, get rid of

48

Egg on

Prompt, encourage

49

Fall flat

In effective

50

Fall in

Stand in a line

51

Fall off

Decrease

52

Fall on

Catch

53

Fall out

Quarrel

54

Feel for

Have sympathy

55

Figure out

Understand

56

Fix up

Repair

57

Flare up

To get angry very quickly

58

Fool around

Waste time

59

Get about

Able to move

60

Get across

Understand

61

Get ahead

Progress

62

Get along

Adjust

63

Get around

Avoid

64

Get away

Escape

65

Get by

Manage

66

Get on

Continue

67

Get over

Recover

68

Get through

Finish

69

Give away

Distribute

70

Give up

Renounce

71

Go back

With draw

72

Go on

Continue

73

Go over

Remember, revise

74

Go through

Suffer

75

Go with

Suitable

76

Hand down

Pass judgment

77

Hand in

Give

78

Hand out

Distribute

79

Hand over

Give the responsibility to another

80

Hang up

Disconnect the phone

81

Hold together

Unite

82

Hunt for

Search

83

Issue from

Come out

84

Join with

Share

85

Join up

Join the army

86

Keep back

Hide

87

Keep off

Stand away

88

Keep on

Continue

89

Knock off

Stop working/ copy

90

Knock out

Defeat completely

91

Lay off

Stop work

92

Leave out

Forget

93

Let off

To free

94

Let on

Tell

95

Look for

Search

96

Look out

To be cautious

97

Make clear

Describe

98

Make out

Understand

99

Make up

Form

100

Part with

Give away

101

Pass away

Die

102

Pass out

Faint

103

Pass over

Not considering

104

Pick on

Quarrel

105

Prevail over

Exist

106

Pull through

Saved

107

Pull up

Stop

108

Push on

Struggle

109

Put across

Make one understand

110

Put off

Post pone

111

Put on

Wear

112

Put out

Depressed

113

Reason with

Argue

114

Reflect on

Think

115

Resort to

Accept help

116

Rest on

Depend

117

Run out

Finish

118

See through

Complete, realize the trick

119

See to

Become responsible

120

Seek out

Find out

121

Set about

Start

122

Set aside

Save, reserve

123

Set in

Start

124

Set out

Go

125

Show up

Be present

126

Sit out

Hear patiently

127

Stand by

Support

128

Stand for

Represent

129

Stand out

Noticeable

130

Step down

Give up a position

131

Step up

Increase

132

Stick by

Remain loyal

133

Strike up

Start suddenly

134

Take after

Similar

135

Take down

Write

136

Take in

Cheat

137

Take place

Happen

138

Take to

Be attracted to

139

Take up

Start

140

Tell off

Scold

141

Think out

Plan well

142

Touch on

Briefly talk about

143

Try on

Wear

144

Turn out

Manufacture

145

Turn up

To appear unexpectedly

146

Used to

Familiar with

147

Wade into

Attack

148

Wait for

Expect

149

Wait on

Serve

150

Wind up

Stop

Use the correct prepositional phrase.

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