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The G-Matic Trap Of Additional Infomation

The complexity of G-matic sentences is intentionally created by adding a lot of infomation to the basic subject-predicate word groups. The additional infomation separates connected parts of the sentence, creating some difficulty in understanding the sentence.


The additional infomation may be present in any of the following forms.

  1. Prepositional Phrase Attached to the Simple Subject or Other Nouns
    The G-matic sentences usually have many prepositional phrases that separate related word groups, such as subjects and predicates, causing confusion. These phrases, usually adding infomation, are present after the noun or near the verbs they modify. We have already learnt about preposition phrases in earlier chapters.
     
    Look at the following examples to understand how these phrase obscure the relation between related words.
  • The problem of resource overuse resulting from dis-mantling of traditional resource management in-stitutions is to be addressed first to make natural resources last long.
     
    In the above example, the prepositional phrase ‘of resource… institutions’ is additional infomation. Ignore that and read the sentence.
  • The problem (of resource overuse resulting from dismantling of traditional resource management institutions) is to be addressed first to make natural resources last long.
     
    The sentence becomes quite manageable this way.
  • The shift in Indian positions on missile defense in the context of the growing transformation of the U.S.-Indian relations since the end of the Cold War, and particularly since the advent of the George W. Bush administration, has been remarkable.
     
    Though the above sentence is quite long, the basic structure is very simple. The shift has been remarkable. Of course, the prepositional phrase is embedded with many other prepositional phrases ‘stuffing’ more and more infomation .
  1. Adjective Clauses that Start with Relative Pronouns
    We have learnt that clauses that start with which, who, that, whom etc are called relative clauses. These relative clauses, when attached to the subject cause great distraction.
     
    Look at the following examples to understand the above concept.
  • The Bureau of Labor Statistics’ report, which pro-vides detailed infomation on employment from both The Current Population Survey of house-holds and The Current Employment Statistics survey of payrolls from non-farm business establishments, provides an accurate estimate of employment levels of population.
    Despite the intimidating size of the sentence, the basic sentence is quite simple if we ignore the in-
    fomation provided by the relative clause; the report provides an accurate estimate of employment levels of population.
  • The housing prices that have risen by 50 percent in the past five years and more than 200 percent in some hot markets leave the country in the speculative bubble in residential real estate prices that rivals the dot-com bubble of 1990s.
    If we ignore the additional infomation given by the two that clauses, the basic sentence is simple. The housing prices leave the country in the speculative bubble in residential real estate prices.
  1. A modifier Phrase Starting with a Noun or Verbal
    A noun or verb form along with dependent words forms a modifier phrase. If a noun phrase is used this way, it is called appositive. Verb forms used this way are either –ing forms or third forms of verbs. We have discussed them thoroughly in the earlier chapters.
    Generally, commas are needed on either side of these modifiers if the modifiers are in the middle of the sentence. If the modifiers are present at the beginning of the sentence, we need commas after the modifier phrases. Remember, these are dangerous distracters in G-matic language.

Study the following examples.

  • The arguments of ‘critical mass’, a theory which assumes that policies fostering women’s rights would arise from an increase in women’s political representation, seem to ignore the importance of women’s higher numerical presence in the society.
    In the above example, ‘a theory which… representation’ is a modifier phrase (appositive) which can be easily identified by the commas present on either side. The basic sentence is this: the arguments of ‘critical mass’ seem to ignore the importance of women’s higher numerical presence.
  • The historical study of Natives Americans, unduly confined to an emphasis on the legal and political aspects of their lives and by prejudices of historians, often ignores the pivotal question of how natives have dealt with their lives culturally, and economically
    In the above example, the modifier phrase ‘unduly confined to… subjective approaches of historians’ is the additional piece of infomation. Ignore this part and you understand the basic infomation present in the sentence.

Identification of basic subject-predicate group
Read the following sentences and write down the basic subjects and predicates after removing modifying phrases or clauses.

  1. Tropical Savannahs, receiving more annual rainfall than deserts, but less than tropical dry forests, are characterized by a cover of grasses dotted with isolated trees and shrubs.
  2. Step Pyramid complex, which was built during 27th century BC, has several structures pivotal to its functions in both life and the afterlife.
  3. Acrobatics, requiring an extraordinary feet of balance, agility and motor coordination, can be mastered only after years of rigorous practice and training.
  4. Folklore, transmitted from one generation to another mainly through oral interactions, retains its fundamental nature, despite generational and individual differences.
  5. Ben Jonson’s work for the public theater, apart from the two tragedies – Sejanus and Catiline – that were predominantly influenced by his classical learning, was comedy, whose style was quite distinctive and recognizable.
  6. The lack of funding and of national support for protection of South Asian reefs resulting from the governmental effort to delocalize power in some Asian countries has endangered South Asian reefs.
  7. Religious Studies, the academic discipline originating in 19th century when scholarly and historical analyses of religions were flourishing, interprets and explains religion, emphasizing systematic, historically-based and cross-cultural perspectives.
  8. Contiguous zone, which has been defined as a band of water extending from the outer edge of territorial sea to up to 24 nautical miles, is the sea or ocean area over which a country can enforce laws in four specific areas: pollution, taxation, customs and immigration.
  9. Philosophy, the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, values, mind and language, is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic, rational approaches.
  10. The growth of consumer finance sector in the US after World War II providing various financing options, the American consumer, who had had limited access to resources, started exhibiting a higher risk taking tendency, resulting in unprecedented growth of consumer markets.

Keys

  1. Tropical Savannahs are characterized by cover of grasses.
  2. Step Pyramid complex has several structures pivotal to its functions in both life and the afterlife.
  3. Acrobatics can be mastered only after years of rigorous practice and training.
  4. Folklore retains its fundamental nature.
  5. Ben Jonson’s work was comedy.
  6. The lack of funding and of national support has endangered South Asian reefs.
  7. Religious Studies interprets and explains religion.
  8. Contiguous zone is the sea or ocean area.
  9. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic, rational approaches.
  10. The American consumer started exhibiting a higher risk taking tendency.





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