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The Subject And The Predicate


Every sentence contains two basic parts: subject and predicate

  1. Subject
    The subject is what or whom the sentence is about. It is generally a noun or a noun phrase.
  2. Predicate
    Predicate is something said or asserted about the subject. It basically contains a verb and the words related to it.
    Study the following sentences. For your identification and understanding, the subjects are italicized and predicates are underlined.
  • The clarity of the sentences may be lost because of complex structures.
  • Most of the test takers ignore the importance of some grammar principles.

Identifying the subject and predicate of any G-matic sentence is crucial. It is quite simple to do so. First identify the verb and frame a question by placing ‘who’ or ‘what’ before it and the answer to the question is the subject of the sentence.


In the first sentence, the verb is ‘may be’ and use a what question with it. What may be lost because of complex structures? The answer is ‘the clarity of the sentence’. Thus, the subject of the sentence is ‘the clarity of the sentence’. Try the same with second sentence and you will easily identify the subject of that sentence. The remaining parts of both sentences are, of course, predicates of those sentences.


You should know some basic infomation to be able to work with the complexities of G-matic sentence. Let me briefly introduce that to you.

  1. Simple Subject
    Every subject is built around a noun or pronoun that, when stripped off all the modifying words, is known as the simple subject of the sentence.

Study the following sentence in which the simple subject is highlighted and the whole subject is italicized.

  • Much of the novel’s appeal undoubtedly lies in the world the author has skillfully created.

In the above sentence, the subject is built around the noun appeal with other words of the subject – muchof the, and novel’s – modifying the noun. Appeal is the simple subject.

  1. Simple Predicate
    A predicate has, at its centre, a simple predicate, which is always the verb that is connected with the subject.
    In the above example, the simple predicate is ‘lies’.
  2. Compound Subject
    A compound subject is a subject consisting of more than one noun or pronoun.
    In the following examples, the highlighted words in the sentence are the nouns that form the compound subject.
  • The complexity of his thoughts, his skill in describing the incidents and his aim of indirectness act as a shocking foil to the apparent lightness of the author’s reputed ‘cartoon- style’.
  1. Compound Predicate
    A sentence may have a compound predicate – a predicate consisting of more than one verb.
    In the following example, the highlighted words show the compound predicate.
  • The complexity of his thoughts, his skill in describing the incidents and his aim of indirectness act as a shocking foil to the apparent lightness of the author’s reputed ‘cartoon-style’ and present the reader with ‘inoffensive’ reading experience.

Remember, the sentences with compound subjects and compound predicates are the sentences you are going to find in G-matic language. Let’s try to understand that the reasons for that complexity in the following section.

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