Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases are printed in bold to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.
The writer believes that the work experience should focus more on the development in students of the ability to work with the materials of their environment and solve problems as close to reality as is practicable.
Work experience is included as a separate subject in the school system, should not be treated in the same manner as other school subjects, i.e., accumulation of certain technical facts with a superficial blessing of practical aspect of this new subject in our school curriculum.
Work experience when included as a separate subject in our school curriculum will not doubt entail huge investment. But if the concept of work experience is implemented with a sincere and competent guidance, this above investment will be a great asset to our nation.
Let us suppose, that work experience is designed in such a manner to be productive and self sufficient, it may have some negative reaction from local small scale producers of those consumer goods. However, an assumption is made in the above conviction that the quality of consumer articles produced by a school would be good enough to compete the market.
Ignoring all the inherent dangers discussed earlier of incorporating work experience as a separate subject in our school curriculum, it may still be worthwhile to include work experience level in science teaching even with work experience as a separate subject.
This concept of work experience in science teaching would help to provide a proper training (or development of scientific attitude) in work experience as a separate subject and in useful occupations or vocations to our students. The above training may encourage students to set up small scale industries after their completion of grade ten. This above approach may give some satisfaction to our tax payers that the investment in the educational endeavour is not a total wastage of their money.
The writer’s experience (in various countries) suggests that to make work experience a worthwhile experience, it should also be incorporated as an integral part into the high school subjects, especially science subjects. To accomplish this, any school subject especially science must be taught on four levels; the facts level, the concepts level, the values level, and the work experience level.
Choose the word/group of words which is most nearly the same in meaning as the word/group of words given in bold as used in the passage.