Read each of the following passages and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.
Biosphere Reserves are areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems which are internationally recognised within the framework of
UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme. These reserves are required to meet a minimal set of criteria and adhere to a minimal set of conditions before being admitted to the World Network of Biosphere Reserve designated by UNESCO. The world’s major ecosystem types and landscapes are represented in this network. The goal is to facilitate conservation of representative landscapes and their immense biological diversity and cultural heritage, foster economic and human development which is culturally and ecologically sustainable and to provide support for research, monitoring, education and information exchange. So far, fourteen Biosphere Reserves have been set-up. They are: Nilgiri, Nanda Devi, Nokrek, Great Nicobar, Gulf of Mannar, Manas, Sunderbans, Similipal, Dibru Daikhowa, Dehang Debang, Panchmarhi, Kanchanjanga, Agasthyamalii, and Achanakmar-Amarkantak. Out of fourteen Biosphere Reserves, four have been recognized on World Network of Biosphere Reserves by UNESCO, namely, Sunderbans (West Bengal), Gulf of Mannar (Tamil Nadu), Nilgiri (Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka) and Nanda Devi.
Example of Biosphere reserves is