Read each of the following passages and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.
Peace and order are necessary, not just in our own country but also at the international level, if we are to secure national progress and development. The different countries in the world are coming closer today due to faster means of transport and communications. Economically, they are becoming increasingly interdependent, if peace is disturbed in one part of the world. It has adverse effects in other parts of the world as well. Nuclear weapons have already threatened the world with nuclear war. If the conflicts between different nations are not settled in time, they might culminate in a nuclear war destroying the whole world. It is therefore in our own interest that the world is free of conflicts. If at all there are only, they must be seated promptly and peace should be restored. That is why we have declared the establishment of international peace and understanding as an objective of our foreign policy.
We need the help and co-operation of other countries for our scientific, industrial and economic development, especially in those fields where we have yet to achieve self-sufficiency. We obtain the latest machinery, technology and financial aid from the developed countries.
On our part, we, too, offer help to the underdeveloped
We are keen on maintaining friendly relations with other countries. Such friendly relations foster international understanding.
We have always exerted ourselves to see that the disputes arising between the different nations are settled through peaceful negotiations. We play an active role in the United Nations, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, the Commonwealth of Nations and other such international organisations. We make it a point to participate in the international conferences on issues like energy crisis, environmental imbalance, nuclear arms race, etc. We always offer a helping hand to other nations affected by natural calamities such as famines, earthquakes, floods and so on. We strive to maintain peaceful and friendly relations with our neighbouring countries. Why do we do all this? We sincerely believe that the conflicts in today’s world should be minimised, making way for better cooperation among the nations. If this is achieved, human resources will no longer be wasted in things like war or aggression. There will be no destruction of wealth. We believe that, in a peaceful world, there will be greater scope for the economic and cultural development of the countries.
What is the main idea expressed in this passage?