Read each of the following passages and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.
Of the many aspects of public administration, the ethical aspect is perhaps the most important but the least codified. While administrative rule and procedures have been codified in various public documents and manuals, there is no manual for the ethics of public servants.
While organisational behaviour analyses the factors which influence the behaviour of individuals in an organisation, ethics refers to those norms and standards which behaviour of the people in an organisation must conform to. While behaviour analysis deals with factual aspects, ethics relates to the normative aspects of administration. The normative aspects are of the greatest significance. Just as for an individual if character is lost, everything is lost, so also for an administration if the ethics is lost, everything is lost. Neither efficiency nor loyalty could be substitute for high ethical standards. In India, though there is not ethical code for public administrators, there are what are called, the Government Servants’ Conduct Rules. These rules lay down what constitutes misconduct for the public servants. It is apparently implied that such misconduct, which is not permitted, is also unethical conduct.
As per the passage, organisational behaviour is