Read each of the following passages and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.
In everyday speech we talk of having a good memory, of having a poor memory, of having a better memory for faces than for names, of having a memory that is failing and so on. Such talk suggests that memory is an object, a thing which we possess in the same way as we possess a head or a big toe. Yet it is true to say there is no such things as memory. A big toe can be seen and touched, but not so memory. Should an acquaintance boast of having an excellent memory, we cannot confirm his claim in the same way as if he boasted the possession of a well stocked library. We cannot ask him to show his memory. What we could do, however, is to see how much of his past experience he can recollect and how many of the books that he has read he can remember. Memory is a physical and mental retention of the past for future use. The mind and the body tend to forget experiences which are either unwelcome or useless.
The author says that: