Read each of the following passages and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.
In personal relations veracity is, if not the universal practice, at any rate an accepted rule of conduct: we are shocked if others break it, ashamed if we do so ourselves. But in controversy on social and political problems our standards are very different; there are politicians and publicists who take licence in this field which they would never allow themselves in personal relations, though if we must depart from the truth, it is less disastrous to do so in private than in public life. For – apart from any moral question – inveracity in political – and social controversy is such an obstacle to progress; it prevents our ascertaining the facts; hinders common action. A man does not help the country to find the right road by throwing dust in people’s eyes; and in process some dust is apt to find its way into his own. It is hard enough to find the truth and know it; it is not made easier if a large number of people are trying to conceal it. There are many obstacles to political and social progress; but the chief one is what I have called inveracity. We hear a good deal today about the need of improving the physical health of the nation. Let us, to this admirable campaign, add one for improving the health of its intelligence, and see what can do to extirpate a major disease of it and so acquire healthy minds.
The writer does not say: