Read each of the following passages and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.
Some religious teachers have taught that Man is made up of a body and a soul: but they have been silent about the intellect. Their followers try to feed the body on earth and to save soul from perdition after death but they neglected the claims of the mind. Bread for the body and virtue for the soul these are regarded as the indispensable requisites of human welfare here and hereafter. Nothing is said about knowledge and education. Thus Jesus Christ spoke much of feeding the hungry, healing the sick, and converting the sinners: but he never taught the duty of teaching the ignorant and increasing scientific knowledge. He himself was not a well educated man, an intellectual pursuits were beyond his horizon. Gautam Buddha also laid stress on morality, meditation and as criticism, but he did not attach great importance to history, science, art and literature. St. Ambrose depreciated scientific studies and wrote, “To discuss the nature and position of the earth does not help us in our hope for life to come”. St. Basil said very frankly and follishly. “It is not a matter of interest for us whether the earth is a sphere or a cylinder or disc”. Thomas Carlyle also followed the Christian tradition when he declared that he honoured only two men and no third. That the manual labour and the religious teacher. He forgot the scientist, the scholar and the artist the cynics of Greece despised education at last?
What have the religious teachers taught in the past?