Read each of the following passages and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.
At a time when we are enjoying longer, more healthful lives, ominous headlines announce: ‘Researchers tie Aluminium to Alzheimer’s
Disease’ and ‘Coffee Linked to Cholesterol Rise’. As a result of alarming and sometimes ambiguous bulletins, minor health worries often seem to be major threats and speculations about disease prevention become ‘proven’ cures. Part of the problem is that the media often trumpet questionable research findings as major medical break-throughs. In 1985, three French scientists told reporters at a Press Conference that the drug cyclosporine appeared to halt the growth of the AIDS virus. They based the announcement on their observation of two AIDS patients treated for eight days. Never mind that no actual study had been done, for the media, the announcement was enough, and the story became front-page news around the world. Unfortunately, one of the patients died within days. Cyclosporine was no miracle cure.
The drug cyclosporine was reported