Consider the following statements:
1. The Taxus tree is naturally found in the Himalayas
2. The Taxus tree is listed in the Red Data Book
3. A drug called “taxol” is obtained from Taxus tree is effective against Parkinson’s disease
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
|A|| 1 only|
|B|| 1 and 2 only|
|C|| 2 and 3 only|
|D|| 1, 2 and 3|
Ans. B Exp: Taxus wallichiana Zucc. (Taxus baccata L.) naturally occurs in the Himalayas. Its legal status is that it has been included in the Red Data Book. The Taxol molecule, however, is very complex, and therefore almost impossible to reproduce in the laboratory. One would have to rely on extractions of the Taxol compound from the taxus tree. Taxol is a cancer medication that interferes with the growth of cancer cells and slows their growth and spread in the body. Taxol is used to treat breast cancer, lung cancer, and ovarian cancer, It is also used to treat AIDS-related Kaposi’s sarcoma.