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General Studies I

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2010 Paper

Question
79 out of 150
 

Two of the schemes launched by the Government of India for Women’s development are Swadhar and Swayam Siddha. As regards the difference between them, consider the following statements:

1. Swayam Siddha is meant for those in difficult circumstances such as women survivors of natural distasters or terrorism, women prisoners released from jails, mentally challenged women etc. whereas Swadhar is meant for holistic empowerment of women through Self Help Groups

2. Swayam Siddha is implemented through Local Self Government bodies or reputed Voluntary Organizations whereas Swadhar is implemented through the ICDS units set up in the states

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?



A 1 only
B 2 only
C Both 1 and 2
D Neither 1 nor 2
Ans. D Exp: Swayamsiddha is the flagship programme of Ministry of Women and Child Development for holistic empowerment of women through SHGs. It is an integrated project for the development and empowerment of women through Self Help Groups (SHGs) with emphasis on covering services, developing access to micro-credit and promoting micro-enterprises. It was launched in 2001. It is also known as the “Indira Mahila Yojana”. The most important component of the programme is formulation, implementation and monitoring of block specific composite projects of four to five years’ duration through Project Implementing Agencies (PIA), which may be any appropriate government or non-government agency, nominated by the State Governments. Swyamsidha Phase-II was launched in 2008 for next 10 years. Phase-II proposes to cover all districts/blocks in the country. The scheme is implemented though the ICDS set up in most of the States.

Swadhar scheme was launched in 2001-02 as a centrally-sponsored scheme for providing home based holistic and integraged service to women in difficult circumstances such as destitute windows deserted by their families in religious places like Vrindavan and Kashi; women prisoners released from jail and without family support; women survivors of natural disasters who have been rendered homeless and are without social and economic support; trafficked women/girls rescued or ran away from brothels and other places or victims of sexual crimes who are disowned by family or who do not want to go back to their respective families for various reasons. The service made available under the scheme include provision of food, clothing, shelter, health care, counseling and legal support; social and economic rehabilitation through education, awareness generation, skill upgradation and behavioral training. The scheme also supports a helpline for women in distress. The Scheme is implemented through Public Sector Organisations, District Rural Development Agencies, Federations, Cooperative and Voluntary Organisations–Non-governmental Voluntary Organisations working in rural areas with legal status as a society.

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