What was the immediate cause for the launch of the Swadeshi movement?
|A|| The partition of Bengal done by Lord Curzon|
|B|| A sentence of 18 months rigorous imprisonment imposed on Lokmanya Tilak|
|C|| The arrest and deportation of Lala Lajpat Rai and Ajit Singh; and passing of the Punjab Colonization Bill|
|D|| Death sentence pronounced on the Chapekar brothers|
Ans. A Exp: The Swadeshi Movement had its genesis in the anti-partition movement which was started to oppose the British decision to partition Bengal. There was no questioning the fact that Bengal with a population of 78 million (about a quarter of the population of British India) had indeed become administratively unwieldy. Equally there was no escaping the fact that the real motive for partitioning Bengal was political. Indian nationalism was gaining in strength and partition expected to weaken what was perceived as the nerve centre of Indian nationalism at that time. The attempt, in the words of Lord Curzon, the Viceroy, (1899-1905) was to ‘dethrone Calcutta’ from its position as the ‘centre from which the Congress Party manipulated Bengal and indeed, the whole of India.