Which one amongst the following has the largest livestock population in the world?
India has the largest livestock populations in the world. It has 57 percent of the world’s buffalo population and 16 percent of the cattle population. It ranks first in respect of cattle and buffalo population, third in sheep and second in goat population in the world. The livestock population shows high degree of diversity in its composition. Out of total livestock in the country, 38.2 percent are cattle, 20.2 percent are buffaloes, 12.7 percent are sheep, 25.6 percent are goats and only 2.8 percent are pigs. All other animals are less than 0.50 percent of the total livestock. The country has 97.92 million buffalo population.
As per the figures of 2003 livestock census India has 187.38 million cattle out of which 22.63 million were crossbred. The states of Tamilnadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Punjab account for about 60 per cent of the crossbred cattle population.