General Studies I
Who among the following Governor Generals created the Covenanted Civil Service of India which later came to be known as the Indian Civil Service?
Cornwallis, who came to India as Governor-General in 1786, was determined to purify the administration, but the realized that the Company’s servants would not give honest and efficient service so long as they were not given adequate salaries. He, therefore, enforced the rules against private trade and acceptance of presents and bribes by officials with strictness. At the same time, he raised the salaries of the Company’s servants. For example, the Collector of a district was to be paid Rs. 1500 a month and one per cent commission on the revenue collection of his district. In fact, the Company’s Civil Service became the highest paid service in the world. Cornwallis also laid down that promotion in the Civil Service would be by seniority so that its members would remain independent of outside influence.